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Glossary - Urology

Wondering what technical terms important in urology mean? This section provides a glossary of key terms important in urology.

Neoadjuvant Therapy
Neoadjuvant therapy is a type of treatment used to prepare the body for the main cancer treatment. It usually applies to cancer treatment. Neoadjuvant therapy is given before and along with the main therapy to shrink the tumor. Examples of neoadjuvant therapy include hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

Definition of Andrology
Like many areas of medicine, urology has many sub-specialties. If you or someone you know is a man concerned about infertility issues, male sexual response, or anything pertaining specifically to male private parts, getting a referral to someone who trained in andrology might be helpful.

Definition of Laparoscope
Do you ever wonder how urologists look into your urology tract without making big incisions in your abdomen? New instruments called laparoscopes are small tubular cameras that help surgeons see clearly what is wrong. The development of laparoscopes or laparoscopic surgery has revolutionized some surgical procedures.

Definition of Endourology
Have you been reviewing alternative treatments for a urology procedure? Endourology or minimally invasive surgery might appeal to you. Its selling points are that you will have no external incisions and it is becoming more popular for a range of surgeries.

Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
bothersome symptoms frequently found in men with BPH, which include the sensation of not urinating completely, withholding urinating, difficulty voiding. It may include having a stop-and-go urinary flow and getting up frequently at night to urinate.

5-Alpha-Reductase Inhibitors
drugs that help prostate to shrink, thus allowing improved flow of urine through the urethra

Alpha Blockers
medications used to relax the muscles of the prostate, thereby allowing an increase in urine flow and reduction in BPH symptoms

Combination Therapy for BPH
combining alpha blockers with 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, with the goal of relaxing the prostate gland and shrinking it at the same time.

Hyperplasia
excessive growth of normal cells in tissue, resulting in enlarged tissue

Acute Urinary Retention
acute urinary retention is usually a sudden need to urinate and inability to do so. Often requires emergency room visit and insertion of a urinary catheter.

Watchful Waiting
refers to decision to seek no medical or surgical treatment, instead waiting to see whether symptoms progress, stay the same, or clear. Is frequently used in reference to BPH and prostate cancer

Transurethral Needle Ablation (TUNA)
A surgical technique in which excess prostate tissue is destroyed using radiofrequency energy.

Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)
TURP, the most common procedure performed to remove the inner portion of the prostate for patients with BPH. Uses electrocautery and insertion of a rigid telescope through the urethra.

Urgency (to Urinate)
having a strong urge or need to urinate that may be difficult to stop, causing incontinence.

Urine Cytology
examining cells from the urine under a microscope. Urine cytology is useful in the diagnosis of urinary tract infections, some cancers, and other diseases.

urowflowmetry
Uroflowmetry is a diagnostic test that measures the speed of your urinary flow.

bladder
The bladder is a flexible muscular sac that stores urine.

benign prostatic hyperplasia
BPH refers to a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland.

erectile dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection during sexual relations.

kidney stones
kidney stones, definition of kidney stones

libido
Libido refers to the psychic and emotional drive to have sex.

premature ejaculation
Premature ejaculation refers to early ejaculation before either partner is ready to reach climax.

ureter
Ureters are two long tubules that connect down from the kidneys to the bladder. The urine travels from the kidneys through the ureters to the bladder.

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